Some women can tell that they are pregnant on the basis of signs of pregnancy that are triggered by a fertilized egg as early as few days after conception. Besides the most obvious sign of pregnancy – a missed period, you may also experience some of the following signs:
You may begin to experience nausea with or without vomiting as early as three weeks after conception. Although its name suggests that you may feel sick in the morning, nausea can strike at any time during the day and even at night. It can be very unpleasant but it usually is not serious. However, seek prompt medical attention if nausea is accompanied by severe vomiting because it poses a risk of dehydration and malnutrition which can cause serious complications.
Tender breasts and nipple changes.
Your breasts may feel tender to the touch and increasingly sensitive, similar to what you perhaps experience before your period. You may also notice the skin around your nipples getting darker.
Light bleeding and cramping.
Although pregnancy is primarily marked by the absence of menstrual period, it is possible to experience some spotting or light bleeding as well as abdominal cramping during the early pregnancy. Light bleeding usually signals that a fertilized egg has attached itself to the wall of your uterus.
Hormonal changes that start almost immediately after conception can make you feel tired and sleepy sooner than usual.
Increased urge to urinate.
Many pregnant women feel the need to urinate more frequently, especially during the night. Increased urge to urinate is caused by the growing uterus putting pressure on your bladder. However, contact your doctor if you feel a burning sensation when urinating because it probably signals a urinary tract infection which requires treatment.
Altered taste and food cravings.
You may experience altered taste during early pregnancy and catch yourself avoiding some foods. It is also very common to develop unusual cravings for certain types of food.
Increased emotional sensitivity and mood swings.
Hormonal changes during early pregnancy can make you extremely emotional. You may also experience mood swings which are particularly common during the first three months of pregnancy.
Hormonal changes following conception slow down your digestion in order to maximize nutrient absorption which can lead to constipation.
Elevated basal body temperature.
You may have slightly higher basal body temperature (your body temperature when you wake up) after conception.
All the mentioned pregnancy signs are very common but they do not prove anything. Some are experienced by many women just before they about to start their period, while the others can indicate a potential health problem. In addition, you could be pregnant without experiencing any of the mentioned pregnancy signs.
The best way to determine if you are pregnant or not is to take a pregnancy test and contact your doctor if you get a positive result to confirm your pregnancy and start prenatal care as soon as possible. You are also highly recommended to make an appointment at your doctor to determine the cause of a missed period and other symptoms you may be experiencing even if the pregnancy test was negative.